The dangers of Hepatitis B Virus, the characteristics, Risk and treatment

The dangers of Hepatitis B Virus, the characteristics, Risk and treatment

Hepatitis B virus is a virus that causes acute inflammation that eventually sparked into cirrhosis of the liver and cause liver cancer. Hepatitis B virus that is medically called hepatitis incubation length and spread most easily transmitted through contact of bodily fluids, namely blood, saliva and sperm fluid.


Sign the body were afflicted with hepatitis B virus has been. The body is experiencing a mild fever and flu are easily lost by itself, Body limp and easy feel tired

  • Reduced appetite the drastic
  • Nausea Stomach nausea and vomiting vomiting want to arise
  • Pale yellowish soles and appear rash rash
  • Reduced vision Quality
  • Eyes, nails and skin pale yellowish color
  • When there are sores on the skin so it will be hard to for it dries
  • Body Muscle feels sore and painful at the same time
  • Recurring headaches

hepatitis B virus

The cause of the

Factors trigger the emergence of hepatitis B virus in the body:

  • The use of illegal drugs including drug sold over the counter free consumed carelessly and backed bad habits wear tools or media from the use of illicit drugs in turn.
  • Exposed to splashes of blood, saliva, because of a blood transfusion from a person who is infected with hepatitis B virus and the entry of sperm fluid containing hepatitis B virus into fallopian when there is sexual activity.
  • The use of objects that were once or are used by hepatitis B sufferers such as towels, Glasses, plates, spoons, Handkerchiefs and a toothbrush.
  • The use of needles together same or alternating, for example syringes, needles and tattoo Needles for pierced ears and other needles may be the most accessible media for viruses move and infect healthy people in a matter of minutes.
  • Sexual Relationships that change replace couples who have hepatitis B virus infected or interact directly with hepatitis B sufferers although in reality it is still in the stage of symptoms.
  • The use of sterile medical instruments that are not or had previously worn by other hepatitis patients. This condition can occur because of insufficient handling and sloppy.

hepatitis B virus

Read Also : 15 Cheap fruit to lower a fever on the body

The characteristics of hepatitis B virus

Hepatitis B virus has a uniqueness when it was entered in the human body:

  1. The size of the virus

Hepatitis B virus DNA viruses including the diameter is very small which is about 42 nautical miles but has a strong central core that were consistently coated by a substance-containing lipoprotein antingen viral hepatitis B (HB s AG) active moves and spreads as well as lush as throughout the network settled with blood and plasma in the body.

  2. How the Virus adapt

Hepatitis B virus being able to adapt well in human body temperature and air temperature high or low. A virus that has spread kepembuluh the blood towards the heart will easily create inflammation.

  1. The speed the virus spreads

The movement of the hepatitis B virus is very flexible with different directions and not just huddle in one direction but diverged and to other body network but it boils down to the same network that is the heart. The virus is spread by blood on a network 100 times faster and aggressive than the HIV virus or other sexual diseases.

  1. Old virus resides

Hepatitis B virus residing in the body of between 30 to 80 days that usually strikes adults including adolescents aged above 15 years. When approaching the 80 days then sign sign someone infected hepatitis B was able to diagnose clearly.

  1. Virus in chronic conditions

Please note that when the virus has invaded and liver tissues adapt to the child then the appearance they could’ve seen her skin becomes pale yellow overall and her body is relatively thin. The condition can be ensured a viral hepatitis B in a State of chronic and has settled in the body for 6 months. And uniquely adults can also get infected even though the percentage is only 20 percent only.

  1. There are no symptoms

Hepatitis B virus the first time invaded and eventually settled on a healthy liver organs without always showed the symptoms of what is what. When the virus was first settled in the body then the person who has been exposed to the virus will still appears healthy in a few days the week before or finally nail and the color of his skin turning into yellowing and body felt limp.

Read Also : 5 types of infectious diseases, we can prevent with a cause

The risk of

What are the dangers of hepatitis B virus if it has been entered in the body?

  • If the body has been infected with the hepatitis B virus then the existence and movement of the hepatitis B virus can not be controlled to the maximum.
  • Special treatment and therapy can be done continuously consistently according to the recommendation and prescription related objective for the blocked movement and reduce the risk of damage to the liver tissue to avoid developing cancer of the liver.
  • Restrictions or consequences Happen not to interact openly and freely with other people in order to prevent unwanted transmission especially through splashing saliva accidentally while engaging discussion.
  • It is forbidden to eat foods containing saturated fat, the kind of fast food, Bersantan, beverages containing alcohol and carbonated, avoiding smoking and avoid all illicit drugs as well as drugs drug stalls without prescription.
  • Consistent and has a strong commitment to maintaining the health of the stomach and the digestive system, because when the stomach and digestion problematic will automatically affect the performance of the liver that can cause damage to liver function gradually land.

hepatitis B virus


Powerful tips to avoid the transmission of hepatitis B virus:

  • Vaccinations

Administering the vaccine HBV done by injection so that the body can actively block the movement of the hepatitis B virus. The vaccine was conducted between 1 and 6 months, especially when still a baby in order to effect its benefits can work with optimum of 90 percent in his body.

  • Improved body durability

Maintain healthy lifestyle patterns include diligent wearing mask to protect the oral cavity and nose from the attack of free radicals include hepatitis virus spread through the air, consume food that is nutritious, Diligently doing exercise, Avoid alcohol, stay away from illicit drugs then drugs consume special supplements to boost the immune system of the body and away from the people who are infected with hepatitis b. If done consistently for many years then look simple way it can be a pretty powerful shield for immune boosting later can be helpful in avoiding the body from the spread of the virus hepatitis B

Facts About Herpes Simplex

Facts About Herpes Simplex

The herpes virus lives in the spinal ganglia and can remain dormant for years once a person is infected. Find out how the herpes virus can cause itching, burning and pain with help from a physician’s assistant in this free video on herpes.

The virus actually lives in the spinal ganglia back near the spinal cord and can sit there dormant for days weeks years even decades once persons infected different causes stimulate the virus to travel out on the nerve along the dermatome that serves which is an area of the body innovated by that one nerve branch that goes around. The body to the midline in the front and as this virus is progressing out in the nerve towards the area where it entered the body that area starts to burn hich or have pain and then once the virus reaches the surface you get a writ and erythema tiss area that has blisters that have a clearish secretion that crust over and this is time.
Herpes Simplex
Herpes Simplex
The person is most infectious because the active viruses in the secretions but a person can transmit the herpes virus even when they don’t have active lesions through sexual activity by having contact of that area of the skin with another person skin areas that may be not intact and would allow the virus to enter their body.

I have 3 medical degrees, Western medicine is the most useless when it comes to treatment of chronic disease. It’s good for diagnosis disease, once something is broken. Before that? It’s about what the lab test or imaging shows. If it’s normal, they can’t do anything.

They can only do something once it’s broke. That’s retroactive medicine, and essentially incompetence. If you want to stop HSV then Gemmotherapy Acer Campestre and Rosa Canina are shown to work. A person taking 50 drops 4-5 times a day when symptoms begin until the shedding phase is done. If you get it when the symptoms begin, you’ll never even get the hard lump in your lip. Whenever you do start taking it, whatever is there will not progress. They are that powerful. I’ve also treated Gonorrhea or Chlamydia with oil of oregano capsules and nothing else.

I gave 2 capsules 4-5 times a day. Will be one in 2-3 days. Genital warts or bad skin infections: ACV as a base, add 3-5 drops of essential oils tree tea and oil of oregano, crush garlic and onion and have the juice go into the ACV base. Then put the rest of it into it as well. Let is soak. You can then ‘soak’ a gauze pad in it, put it on the area to be treated, place saran wrap over it to lock in the moisture and leave on for several hours. Change twice a day. It will kill just about anything. This is not medical advice, but only what I have seen work. You should contact your physician, of course.

Swollen Ankles and Feet: 10 Known Causes and How to Treatmen

Swollen Ankles and Feet: 10 Known Causes and How to Treatmen

In the medical sciences, leg swelling or edema is usually caused by the presence of a buildup of fluid in the body, in the distance. Swelling of the feet are affected by the health condition of the person. Kidney and heart disease sufferers generally will experience swelling of the feet.

Here are a few things that cause leg swelling:

Swollen Ankles and Feet
Swollen Ankles and Feet

Limfedema. Medical conditions due to disorders of the lymph vessels which impede the circulation of fluid in the legs. As a result fluid accumulates and makes the leg swelling.

Injury. Swelling in the feet can occur due to an injury to the foot and ankle. When an ankle injury or wrong step, ligaments (a flexible tape linking bone with bone) will go beyond the normal limits of stretchable. It also results in swollen feet.

Pregnancy. Feet swollen in pregnant women is a normal thing. This happens because major blood vessels in the groin received pressure from the baby in the womb that her body is getting enlarged. That’s why in the last months of pregnancy will generally be swelling of the feet.

However, leg swelling in pregnant women still have to watch out for, especially if the calves also swelled and left a dent when pressed. If this condition occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy, it is likely you are experiencing preeclampsia.

In addition, you also need to be wary if swelling occurs only on one foot and calf blush. This could be a symptom of the presence of blood clots in the blood vessels.

The infection. Leg swelling due to infection is more commonly experienced by people with diabetes and nerve problems in the feet. So, if you are suffering from the disease, you need to really look at the condition of the feet, especially when there are blisters and sores.

Blood clotting. Blood clots in the blood vessels in the feet will result in blood flow from the feet to the heart are blocked. Frozen blood buildup can trigger swelling of the feet.

Contracted the disease. Swollen feet can be indicated that a person suffering from kidney disease, heart or liver. When the kidneys are compromised or could not function well, the fluid can accumulate in the legs that lead to swelling.

Venous insufficiency. Foot swelling can be early symptoms of venous insufficiency, you experience that is the condition when the blood cannot move up from blood vessels in the legs to the heart. This results in swelling of the feet. If left untreated, this condition can cause skin ulcers, infection, and skin changes.

Side effects of the drug. Some medications can cause leg swelling in whom drug diabetes drug, a bitter taste, non-steroidal drugs antidepressants, steroids, drug medication for blood pressure, and the use of oral contraceptives.

Other causes. Women who are in their menstrual cycle may be experiencing a swollen foot. In addition, standing too long, drive a car or travel by plane for a long time can also be a trigger factor for swelling in the feet.

Tips Overcoming Swollen Feet
There are several easy ways that you can do to reduce the risk of swelling in the feet.

Lose weight if it is excessive.
Compress with ice cubes which are wrapped with towels.
You can lie down and lift the leg up.
Reduce your intake of salt.
Use compression stockings.
Avoid standing too long.
Do sports a light that drives away.
Avoid wearing clothes that are too tight, especially on the part of the thigh.
If the cause of swollen feet due to the side effects of drugs, do not immediately stop mengonsumsinya without permission from the doctor. You can see a doctor again to ask for alternative medicine.

What are the Symptoms of Tuberculosis and At What Point Should You Start Worrying?

What are the Symptoms of Tuberculosis and At What Point Should You Start Worrying?

What are the Symptoms of Tuberculosis and At What Point Should You Start Worrying?

Tuberculosis is a disease that mainly infects your lungs. It can get pretty deadly when it’s infected all your body parts especially young lungs.Tuberculosis (TB) is curable and treatable but if the bacteria have infected your brain, spine or kidneys and you don’t get proper treatment anytime soon, there is a high chance you might die. So, what are the symptoms of tuberculosis? And at what point should you begin doing proper treatment for it?


Someone might catch TB virus through the air due to an individual who is positive with TB diagnosis speaks, sings, sneeze or coughs and thus causing the bacteria to float into the air. Even though the TB bacteria have already entered your body but sometimes your immune system can fight them and prevent you from becoming ill. Therefore, doctors create these distinctions to distinguish between latent TB and active TB.

  1. If you are diagnosed with a latent TB that means you officially have TB disease. However, the bacteria harbored in your body remain inactive and thus no symptoms are visible and this is mostly what causes people to ask this question: what are the symptoms of tuberculosis?all the time. Latent TB is also known as TB infection or inactive TB. It’s not contagious but there is a chance it can become an active TB so proper and immediate treatment is highly recommended in order to control and stop the spread of TB bacteria. Statistically speaking, there is over 2 billion people who have latent TB.
  2. On the other hand, an active TB makes you sick and it can affect others. It occurs in the first few weeks after your body is infected with TB bacteria but in some cases it may also occur years later.

Active TB has the following symptoms:

  1. Coughing for three weeks or more
  2. Coughing up blood
  3. Pain when breathing and coughing or chest pain
  4. Sudden weight loss
  5. Fatigue
  6. Fever
  7. Night sweats
  8. Chills
  9. Unintentional loss of appetite

Symptoms sometimes might vary depending on the organ that is affected in your body. For instance, TB bacteria that infects your spine might give you back pain and blood in your urine if the bacteria got in your kidneys.

What Should You Do?

Go to your doctor immediately if you experience sudden weight loss, fever, night sweats or cough that won’t stop. All of them occurring at the same time can very well be the signs of TB disease. Your doctor then can perform tests to determine what the underlying cause is. Furthermore, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises that individuals who have an increased risk of TB be screened for inactive TB infection. Such individuals are:

Read More :  Tuberculosis Vaccine: Why is It Imperative?

  1. People with HIV or AIDS
  2. IV drug users
  3. People who have contact with TB infected individuals
  4. Hospital workers who treat people with high risks of TB

Your days of saying “what are the symptoms of tuberculosis?” is over now that you have stumbled upon this article. We hope this might enlighten you in one way or another.


For diagnosing TB a doctor will at first perform a physical exam. Using a stethoscope he listens to the sounds your lungs make when you breathe, and he will also check your lymph nodes.

Depending on his findings he might ask you to go for

  • A skin test: The skin test involves injecting a substance PPD tuberculin just below the skin of your inside forearm. After 48 to 72 hours, if you have TB, there will be a noticeable, hard, red swelling at the injected site.
  • Blood tests: Blood tests are done to ascertain the presence of TB bacterium in the body of the patient. Blood tests do not, however, ensure if the patient has latent TB infection or it has progressed to active TB infection.
  • A chest x-ray: A chest x-ray can show the extent of damage to the lungs, and if further tests are required.
  • A CT scan: CT scans provide more-detailed images than X-rays do. A CT scan can show if your immune system has cordoned off any TB bacteria, or the extent of damage to the lungs in case of active TB.
  • Sputum test: This test is performed on the mucus that comes out with your cough. It can reveal TB bacteria if any.

What are the complications of tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis can cause numerous health complications such as:

  • back pain and stiffness
  • joint damage due to tuberculous arthritis especially in the hips and knees
  • meningitis, due to swelling of the membranes that cover your brain which can cause headaches
  • impaired liver or kidney functions, if tuberculosis spreads to the liver and kidneys
  • heart disorders if tuberculosis infects the tissues surrounding your heart. This can cause inflammation and fluid collections which can, in turn, disrupt the normal functioning of your heart including your heart’s ability to pump effectively. A condition called cardiac tamponade may occur which can be fatal.

what are the symptoms of tuberculosis

What is the treatment of tuberculosis?

It is extremely important that you follow the treatment religiously if you suffer from TB. Treating tuberculosis can be a lengthy process compared to other bacterial infections.

Depending on your overall health, your age, possible drug resistance, the form of TB you have (latent or active) and the location of the infection in your body, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics which you may need to take for up to nine months.

Some short-term treatments (up to four months) are also available these days. Please consult your doctor for more information about what treatment suits you better.

Cervicogenic Headache: Symptoms and Diagnosis

Cervicogenic Headache: Symptoms and Diagnosis

Cervicogenic headache is a secondary headache and is often called as referred pain (pain that is considered occurring in any part of the body other than its original source) perceived in the head but the source comes from the neck. A secondary headache here means that it is caused by another illness or any other physical problem. Cervicogenic headache is perceived as a type of disorder of cervical spine as well as its component bony, soft tissue or disc elements. Learn more about these headaches by knowing the symptoms and what you can do about it.

Early Symptoms

In most cases, cervicogenic headache have symptoms similar to that of migraine headache. Pain may emerge intermittently and then begin to spread to one side (unilateral) of one’s head and then the pain starts to become continuous. This type of headache occurs in the form of non-throbbing and steady pain at the back as well as base of the skull. In most cases, the pain might extend downward into the neck and then ending in the shoulder blades. You might also feel the pain the area of your brow and forehead despite the fact that the problem starts from the cervical spine.

Usually, you will start to feel the pain after a sudden neck movement like sneezing. Then neck or head pain will occur too. Cervicogenic headache usually shows these early symptoms:

  1. Nausea or vomiting
  2. Dizziness
  3. Stiff neck
  4. Blurred vision
  5. Sensitivity to light or sound
  6. Pain in one or both arms
  7. Mobility difficulties

Below are some of the risk factors that are sometimes involved in aggravate cervicogenic headache.

  1. Fatigue
  2. Poor posture
  3. Sleep difficulties
  4. Cervical disc issues
  5. Muscular stress
  6. Prior or current neck injuries

Read More : 5 Treatments For Cervicogenic Headache That You Need To Know

Cervicogenic Headache Diagnosis

The diagnosis of this illness begins with a detailed medical history along with a physical as well as neurological examination. Some of the tests include:

  1. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  2. X-rays
  3. CT scans
  4. Nerve block injections to verify the cause

Then, when you have been positively diagnosed with cervicogenic headache, your doctor usually recommend an over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines such as aspirin and aleve. If those prove to be defective then you will be prescribed with anti-inflammation and pain reliever drugs. Below are some of effective other treatment options listed in order of non-invasive to invasive ones.

  1. Spinal manipulation and other manual therapies
  2. Behavioral approaches such as biofeedback
  3. Acupuncture
  4. Trigger point injections
  5. Prolotherapy
  6. Facet joint blocks (it is a type of spinal joint injection)
  7. Nerve blocks (one of the medical branches of the nerves which supplies the facet joints)
  8. Radiofrequency pulse ganglionotomy of the nerve root like C2 and C3
  9. Spine surgery in order to relieve vascular or nerve compression

The last one, however, is rarely necessary.

For your information, the term cervicogenic headache doesn’t only relate to headache associated with neck pain because many headache disorders such as tension-type headache and migraine also can have associated neck tension.

Remember that if you have cervicogenic headache, treatment for this illness should target the source of the pain in the neck.

Is Walking Pneumonia Contagious? Symptoms, Treatments and Preventions You Can Do

Is Walking Pneumonia Contagious? Symptoms, Treatments and Preventions You Can Do

Pneumonia that is caused by bacteria such as mycoplasma pneumoniae and chlamydophila pneumoniae is called walking pneumonia. This is the least scary kind of pneumonia and one can experience it without even realizing it. Doctors might even call it atypical pneumonia because it is not necessarily a serious case, but still, is walking pneumonia contagious?

It Kind of Feels Like a Cold

Walking pneumonia is most commonly caused by a lung infection and there are a lot of things that cause it such as:

  1. Viruses
  2. Fungi
  3. Bacteria
  4. Chemicals
  5. Inhaled food

You won’t have to stay in the hospital if you experience walking pneumonia and often times you might feel like you still have enough energy needed to do daily activities and work. Well, that’s good news, right? However, is walking pneumonia contagious? The answer is yes. It can spread through coughs or sneezes but it spreads slowly. If you get walking pneumonia then you can also spread it to other people up to 10 days.

Read More : Common Symptoms Of Walking Pneumonia

is walking pneumonia contagious


Generally speaking, the symptoms spread within the span of 15 to 25 days after you have been exposed to mycoplasma pneumoniae and then you will become worse in two up to four days. The symptoms include:

  1. Cough which may be accompanied by violent spasm
  2. Chest pain when taking a deep breath
  3. Headache
  4. Sore throat
  5. Tiredness
  6. Mild flu symptoms like chills and fever
  7. Prolonged weakness
  8. Ear infection
  9. Anemia
  10. Skin rash


Some of the symptoms can be relieved simply by consuming over-the-counter medicines. You should see a doctor and she will advise whether or not you need antibiotics. You should also tell your doctor all the medicines you are taking or plan to take. Moreover, you should also drink lots of fluids and get yourself plenty of time to rest.


Unfortunately, there is no vaccine for walking pneumonia so there is no way to completely prevent it from happening. However, there are a couple of things you can do in order to reduce the likeliness of you from getting it.

  1. Do a lot of exercise and eat a well balance diet. You should also get enough sleep every day. All of these things will make you healthy and your body will be able to resist infection.
  2. Wash your hands all the time. Germs won’t spread to your body if your hands are clean.
  3. Don’t smoke. Smoking can cause lungs to get damage and damaged lungs can get infected easily.
  4. Cover your mouth with sleeve when you sneeze or cough and ask other people to do the same. Sneezing and coughing are the main factors of how these infections start in the first place.

Everyone regardless of age can get pneumonia. However, walking pneumonia that is caused by mycoplasma is most common in children, adults younger than 40 and military recruits.

Bottom line, is walking pneumonia contagious? The answer is yes but it is nothing serious to worry about and it can be cured with antibiotics.

Untreated Sinus Infection and the Possible Further Risks

Untreated Sinus Infection and the Possible Further Risks

Untreated Sinus Infection and the Possible Further Risks

Untreated sinus infection can lead to a bigger and more serious issue. Sinusitis infection, or also known as sinusitis, can be ranging in severity – from mild to severe. In mild cases, you can use natural remedies or over the counter medicines. Feel free to use decongestants, nasal irrigation, and steam inhalation to treat the issue. However, if the sinusitis happens for weeks, or even months, you need to be careful, especially if you don’t treat it carefully. Sinus inflammation is possible and you may have to deal with surgery.

The Facts about Sinusitis

In most cases, sinusitis will resolve itself within one week, two weeks tops. However, there are rare cases where the untreated sinus infection may cause bigger issue. Complications are common, and knowing the symptoms can help so you can keep the issue at bay.

You see, the sinus wall (which is located within the nose) is quite thin and it is at the border with the surrounding tissues of the brain, eyes, blood vessels, and also nerves. When the infection of sinusitis happens, causing severe issue, those areas can be affected. That’s why, it is advisable that you treat the issue right away, including go to the doctor and get the suitable treatment. Never leave any sinusitis to get worse because untreated sinus infection can lead to severe and serious issues.

Untreated Sinus Infections

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The Possible Complications

As it was mentioned before, any case of untreated sinus infection will lead to severe issue, and that includes:

  • Eye Infection. When the sinus infection gets worse, it will spread through the nervous system or blood vessel. When it has spread to the eyes, your eyes may be swollen shut or puffy because the tissue around the eyes are swollen. It is possible that the swelling happens behind your eyes so your eyes will be pushes forward. If this happens, your eyelids won’t be able to close. When the pressure is too strong, it may cause eye damage – which is permanent. Be aware if you start losing your sight.
  • Brain infection. Meningitis, brain damage, seizure, or death are possible in this case. Meningitis bacteria and brain abscess may happen, resulting in stroke, hearing loss, brain damage, and also death. Signs of meningitis include nausea, fever, stiff neck, and headache. If you suffer from them and you start losing function of a certain body part, go to the doctor right away.
  • Bone infection. Also known as osteomyelitis, this issue can be caused by chronic as well as acute sinus infection. Never underestimate this issue because bone infection is pretty hard to cure. One of the most common treatment is intravenous antibiotics for long term.
  • This issue will change your nose’s normal function. You will need surgical drainage to treat the issue.

Treatments and Care

Whatever your case and status (whether it is mild or severe), it is always a good idea to see the doctor and get the right treatment. It will prevent the issue from getting worse and you won’t have to worry about the aftermath of untreated sinus infection.

Stage 4 Cervical Cancer Treatment Options and Surgeries

Stage 4 Cervical Cancer Treatment Options and Surgeries

Stage 4 Cervical Cancer Treatment Options and Surgeries

We will never know the best treatment options when we can’t track the stage 4 cervical cancer from the stage 0. So, we really need to know the stage of the cervical cancer before choosing the treatment options. There are many factors that influence or affect the treatment of cervical cancer such as the location of the cancer, the type, the patient’s age and her overall condition. One last thing is whether or not she has given birth. In this article, we will give the best treatment of cervical cancer especially for those who have stage 4.

There are two types of stage 4 cervical cancers by the way. They are stage 4A and 4B. Let’s check them all one by one below.

Stage 4 Cervical Cancer

Stage 4A

This treatment option also works for stage 2B, 3, and 4A. The best way is by doing Chemoradiation. For the chemo can be cisplatin or cisplatin plus fluorouracil. Meanwhile, the radiation treatment can be external beam radiation and brachytherapy. It can also be both of them. It depends on the condition of the patient.

Stage 4B

Now, we are on the second type of stage 4 cervical cancer treatment option. It is called stage 4B when the cancer has been affecting the pelvis and other body parts. Unfortunately, this stage is not able to be cured usually. The doctors who handle this condition must stop the growth of the cancer firstly. It is by using chemo or radiation therapy. They also focus to reduce the symptoms. For your information, the standard chemo procedure of the stage 4B is to combine the platinum drug (cisplatin or carboplatin) and one of these drugs like gemcitabine, paclitaxel, or topotecan. The combinations of the drugs are necessary in order to help the patients. The Avastin or bevacizumab will be combined with chemo.

Read More : The Most Harmful Effects of Cervical Cancer & Treatment

 The stage 4 cervical cancer also needs some surgeries for the patients in order to eradicate the cancer. Most women must undergo these cervical cancer surgeries such as cryosurgery, conization, Simple (total) hysterectomy, radical hysterectomy, laser surgery, trachelectomy, and pelvic exenteration.  Here are some benefits of using surgeries or operations as follow:

  • To diagnose the location of the cervical cancer
  • To consider the possible treatment options
  • To know the spread of the cancer

Let’s check the types of the surgery one by one below.

Cryosurgery and Laser Surgery

This surgery uses a cold metal probe. The doctor will kill the abnormal cells by placing the probe to where the cancer is located. It will freeze the cells. This operation can be done in clinic. Meanwhile, the laser surgery is used to launch laser beam to the vagina directly. Then, the abnormal cells will be burnt off. This surgery is also functioned to remove a small tissue so that the doctor can diagnose it.


This stage 4 cervical cancer surgery requires a surgical or laser knife. Then, the doctor will remove a cone-shape piece of tissue from the cervix. Then, the doctor can examine through microscope.


This type of cancer surgery owns two types, simple and radical hysterectomy. The simple one only remove the uterus, not the parametria and uterosacral ligaments, while the radical type removes the uterus and the tissue.

Video Created By : Juan Manuel Marín

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