Endometrial cancer also known as uterine cancer has various treatments available according to the stage of endometrial cancer and the health of the patient.
In the majority of cases, surgery is often the best option. The surgery that is performed is the uterus alone known as a hysterectomy, a complete hysterectomy in which the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries are removed. In many cases, the lymph nodes in the area are also removed along with other tissue in the area according to the stage of endometrial cancer the patient has at the time of the surgery. This surgery is very difficult for women as after surgery to remove the uterus it is impossible to become pregnant and give birth.
If the endometrial cancer is aggressive and has spread to other tissues or other parts of the body, other treatments will be necessary even if surgery has already been performed.
Radiation is often used even after surgery to ensure that all the cancer cells in the area are destroyed that may have been missed or in case the cancer has spread to tissue nearby.
This is another type of radiation therapy that is done with an internal application to the inner lining of the vagina. This type of treatment has fewer side effects but will only treat a small area.
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If the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, your doctor may recommend hormone therapy. This may aid in stopping the cancer from growing. Cancer may still return.
Chemotherapy is an aggressive method to destroy cancer cells throughout the body. This method is often used on many different forms of cancer not only endometrial cancer. In the majority of cases, you will be given a chemotherapy treatment and then have a period of two to three weeks for your body to repair itself before you are given another treatment. However, there are many different types of chemotherapy that can be administered and will be chosen according to the type of endometrial cancer, the stage, and of course your health.
As with all cancers it is best to get a second opinion prior to making a decision on the type of treatment is best in your situation. In most hospitals today, you will have a team of doctors that will work with you to help you with all the decisions you will have to make during this time. Along with all the medical and surgical personnel, you should also talk with a counselor or therapist in order to receive the help you will need emotionally and mentally to overcome the problems associated with endometrial cancer. You may even wish to join a group that has dealt with this type of cancer so you can learn the different options they tried and how they coped during treatments.
Along with this, there are many cancer trials that may help give you hope of other alternative methods instead of the ones listed above.