Sesamoid Bone Fracture: Understanding the Issue

When you suffer from sesamoid bone fracture, it can affect your overall movement and gait. The bone may be small but it doesn’t mean that you should neglect it. Be sure to know the basic facts of the bone – and also possible injuries – so you know what to prepare and what to expect. Never underestimate the injury, no matter how small it looks.

What Is Sesamoid Bone?

It is basically a bone located on the tendon of the ball of your foot, right beneath the joint of your big toe. The bone is a pea-shaped bone (usually two of them), responsible for helping you move as well as your big toe’s movement. Sesamoid acts like a pulley as well as providing leverage for the big toe for running and walking normally. It also acts as the weightbearing surface that will absorb the body’s weight placed on the foot’s ball when running, jumping, and walking.

So, what causes sesamoid bone fracture? When you are experiencing an increased pressure from activities like golf, tennis, basketball, ballet, or football, the surrounding tissues as well as the tendons will be affected. It will increase your chances of developing problems with the sasomoid. People with high arches or those who spend most of their times wearing high heels have bigger risks suffering from this condition.

sesamoid bone fracture

Read More : Types Of Bone Fractures You Should Know

Different Sesamoid Issues

Besides sesamoid bone fracture, there are also some common injuries involving the sesomoid bone.

  • Turf toe. The injury happens to the soft tissue surrounding the joint of your big toe, generally characterized by the extended joint that goes beyond the normal range. This issue causes sharp and immediate pain, followed by immediate swelling. This injury will cause fracture to the bone or the soft tissue that is attached to the bone.
  • Fracture or break. If it is acute fracture, it is mostly caused by trauma, which is a direct hit to the bone. This kind of fracture won’t affect the overall joint of the big toe. A chronic fracture, however, is also called the stress fracture. It is a hairline break that is caused by repetitive overuse or stress. The pain tends to come and go – it gets worse when you are active and it will subside when you are resting.
  • This is basically an overuse injury where there is a chronic inflammation to the bones and also tendons. The pain may come and go, but unlike the chronic fracture, the pain is usually associated with certain activities or shoes.

The Proper Treatment

When it comes to dealing with sesamoid bone fracture, it would be better if you can rest and be immobile for a while. A usage of pad, tape, or strap is also possible so the tension may be addressed. There are also some other alternatives such as:

  • Physical therapy, like ultrasound therapy and exercise
  • Oral medication, which includes nonsteroid anti inflammation drugs that can help with the inflammation and pain.

In some rare cases, where the nonsurgical treatment has failed, you may have to undergo surgery. Check with your doctor when you suspect yourself suffering from sesamoid bone fracture before it gets worse.

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