In the medical sciences, leg swelling or edema is usually caused by the presence of a buildup of fluid in the body, in the distance. Swelling of the feet are affected by the health condition of the person. Kidney and heart disease sufferers generally will experience swelling of the feet.
Here are a few things that cause leg swelling:
Limfedema. Medical conditions due to disorders of the lymph vessels which impede the circulation of fluid in the legs. As a result fluid accumulates and makes the leg swelling.
Injury. Swelling in the feet can occur due to an injury to the foot and ankle. When an ankle injury or wrong step, ligaments (a flexible tape linking bone with bone) will go beyond the normal limits of stretchable. It also results in swollen feet.
Pregnancy. Feet swollen in pregnant women is a normal thing. This happens because major blood vessels in the groin received pressure from the baby in the womb that her body is getting enlarged. That’s why in the last months of pregnancy will generally be swelling of the feet.
However, leg swelling in pregnant women still have to watch out for, especially if the calves also swelled and left a dent when pressed. If this condition occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy, it is likely you are experiencing preeclampsia.
In addition, you also need to be wary if swelling occurs only on one foot and calf blush. This could be a symptom of the presence of blood clots in the blood vessels.
The infection. Leg swelling due to infection is more commonly experienced by people with diabetes and nerve problems in the feet. So, if you are suffering from the disease, you need to really look at the condition of the feet, especially when there are blisters and sores.
Blood clotting. Blood clots in the blood vessels in the feet will result in blood flow from the feet to the heart are blocked. Frozen blood buildup can trigger swelling of the feet.
Contracted the disease. Swollen feet can be indicated that a person suffering from kidney disease, heart or liver. When the kidneys are compromised or could not function well, the fluid can accumulate in the legs that lead to swelling.
Venous insufficiency. Foot swelling can be early symptoms of venous insufficiency, you experience that is the condition when the blood cannot move up from blood vessels in the legs to the heart. This results in swelling of the feet. If left untreated, this condition can cause skin ulcers, infection, and skin changes.
Side effects of the drug. Some medications can cause leg swelling in whom drug diabetes drug, a bitter taste, non-steroidal drugs antidepressants, steroids, drug medication for blood pressure, and the use of oral contraceptives.
Other causes. Women who are in their menstrual cycle may be experiencing a swollen foot. In addition, standing too long, drive a car or travel by plane for a long time can also be a trigger factor for swelling in the feet.
Tips Overcoming Swollen Feet
There are several easy ways that you can do to reduce the risk of swelling in the feet.
Lose weight if it is excessive.
Compress with ice cubes which are wrapped with towels.
You can lie down and lift the leg up.
Reduce your intake of salt.
Use compression stockings.
Avoid standing too long.
Do sports a light that drives away.
Avoid wearing clothes that are too tight, especially on the part of the thigh.
If the cause of swollen feet due to the side effects of drugs, do not immediately stop mengonsumsinya without permission from the doctor. You can see a doctor again to ask for alternative medicine.