The dangers of Hepatitis B Virus, the characteristics, Risk and treatment

The dangers of Hepatitis B Virus, the characteristics, Risk and treatment

Hepatitis B virus is a virus that causes acute inflammation that eventually sparked into cirrhosis of the liver and cause liver cancer. Hepatitis B virus that is medically called hepatitis incubation length and spread most easily transmitted through contact of bodily fluids, namely blood, saliva and sperm fluid.


Sign the body were afflicted with hepatitis B virus has been. The body is experiencing a mild fever and flu are easily lost by itself, Body limp and easy feel tired

  • Reduced appetite the drastic
  • Nausea Stomach nausea and vomiting vomiting want to arise
  • Pale yellowish soles and appear rash rash
  • Reduced vision Quality
  • Eyes, nails and skin pale yellowish color
  • When there are sores on the skin so it will be hard to for it dries
  • Body Muscle feels sore and painful at the same time
  • Recurring headaches

hepatitis B virus

The cause of the

Factors trigger the emergence of hepatitis B virus in the body:

  • The use of illegal drugs including drug sold over the counter free consumed carelessly and backed bad habits wear tools or media from the use of illicit drugs in turn.
  • Exposed to splashes of blood, saliva, because of a blood transfusion from a person who is infected with hepatitis B virus and the entry of sperm fluid containing hepatitis B virus into fallopian when there is sexual activity.
  • The use of objects that were once or are used by hepatitis B sufferers such as towels, Glasses, plates, spoons, Handkerchiefs and a toothbrush.
  • The use of needles together same or alternating, for example syringes, needles and tattoo Needles for pierced ears and other needles may be the most accessible media for viruses move and infect healthy people in a matter of minutes.
  • Sexual Relationships that change replace couples who have hepatitis B virus infected or interact directly with hepatitis B sufferers although in reality it is still in the stage of symptoms.
  • The use of sterile medical instruments that are not or had previously worn by other hepatitis patients. This condition can occur because of insufficient handling and sloppy.

hepatitis B virus

Read Also : 15 Cheap fruit to lower a fever on the body

The characteristics of hepatitis B virus

Hepatitis B virus has a uniqueness when it was entered in the human body:

  1. The size of the virus

Hepatitis B virus DNA viruses including the diameter is very small which is about 42 nautical miles but has a strong central core that were consistently coated by a substance-containing lipoprotein antingen viral hepatitis B (HB s AG) active moves and spreads as well as lush as throughout the network settled with blood and plasma in the body.

  2. How the Virus adapt

Hepatitis B virus being able to adapt well in human body temperature and air temperature high or low. A virus that has spread kepembuluh the blood towards the heart will easily create inflammation.

  1. The speed the virus spreads

The movement of the hepatitis B virus is very flexible with different directions and not just huddle in one direction but diverged and to other body network but it boils down to the same network that is the heart. The virus is spread by blood on a network 100 times faster and aggressive than the HIV virus or other sexual diseases.

  1. Old virus resides

Hepatitis B virus residing in the body of between 30 to 80 days that usually strikes adults including adolescents aged above 15 years. When approaching the 80 days then sign sign someone infected hepatitis B was able to diagnose clearly.

  1. Virus in chronic conditions

Please note that when the virus has invaded and liver tissues adapt to the child then the appearance they could’ve seen her skin becomes pale yellow overall and her body is relatively thin. The condition can be ensured a viral hepatitis B in a State of chronic and has settled in the body for 6 months. And uniquely adults can also get infected even though the percentage is only 20 percent only.

  1. There are no symptoms

Hepatitis B virus the first time invaded and eventually settled on a healthy liver organs without always showed the symptoms of what is what. When the virus was first settled in the body then the person who has been exposed to the virus will still appears healthy in a few days the week before or finally nail and the color of his skin turning into yellowing and body felt limp.

Read Also : 5 types of infectious diseases, we can prevent with a cause

The risk of

What are the dangers of hepatitis B virus if it has been entered in the body?

  • If the body has been infected with the hepatitis B virus then the existence and movement of the hepatitis B virus can not be controlled to the maximum.
  • Special treatment and therapy can be done continuously consistently according to the recommendation and prescription related objective for the blocked movement and reduce the risk of damage to the liver tissue to avoid developing cancer of the liver.
  • Restrictions or consequences Happen not to interact openly and freely with other people in order to prevent unwanted transmission especially through splashing saliva accidentally while engaging discussion.
  • It is forbidden to eat foods containing saturated fat, the kind of fast food, Bersantan, beverages containing alcohol and carbonated, avoiding smoking and avoid all illicit drugs as well as drugs drug stalls without prescription.
  • Consistent and has a strong commitment to maintaining the health of the stomach and the digestive system, because when the stomach and digestion problematic will automatically affect the performance of the liver that can cause damage to liver function gradually land.

hepatitis B virus


Powerful tips to avoid the transmission of hepatitis B virus:

  • Vaccinations

Administering the vaccine HBV done by injection so that the body can actively block the movement of the hepatitis B virus. The vaccine was conducted between 1 and 6 months, especially when still a baby in order to effect its benefits can work with optimum of 90 percent in his body.

  • Improved body durability

Maintain healthy lifestyle patterns include diligent wearing mask to protect the oral cavity and nose from the attack of free radicals include hepatitis virus spread through the air, consume food that is nutritious, Diligently doing exercise, Avoid alcohol, stay away from illicit drugs then drugs consume special supplements to boost the immune system of the body and away from the people who are infected with hepatitis b. If done consistently for many years then look simple way it can be a pretty powerful shield for immune boosting later can be helpful in avoiding the body from the spread of the virus hepatitis B

Stroke Treatment Guidelines: Know How to Treat Yourself or Your Loved One during Stroke

Stroke Treatment Guidelines: Know How to Treat Yourself or Your Loved One during Stroke

Stroke is among the leading causes of death for so long. It is an illness caused by a sudden change in the blood supply to a part of the brain, which can cause a loss of the ability to move particular parts of the body. Some of the most popular factors are ruptured blood vessels, blocked arteries and blood clots. Stroke, which is also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA), is a medical emergency because it can lead to permanent disability or even death. Everyone should know or be educated on or two things on stroke treatment guidelines and what to do to prevent or when someone near them is having a stroke.

Treatment for Stroke

Nowadays exists the ability to restore blood supply to the brain of some stroke victims only if they are presented with medical care early enough. The most popular stroke treatment guidelines are the CABs as in circulation, airway and breathing. This is to ensure the victim still has blood pumping, can breathe and there is no airway blockage so that they have adequate blood pressure control. They then will be established with intravenous lines and administered with blood tests as well as CT scans.

Then if the patient has been properly diagnosed with ischemic stroke, using TPA (tissue plasminogen activator) is optional. TPA can dissolve the clot blocking a brain artery and restore blood supply.

Read More :  Stroke blood pressure guidelines: Initial Management for Acute Stroke

stroke treatment guidelines

What Causes Stroke?

Generally speaking, risk factors occurring most often for stroke are as follows:

  1. High blood pressure
  2. High cholesterol
  3. Smoking
  4. Diabetes
  5. Aging
  6. Heart valve disease or atrial fibrillation patent foramen ovale
  7. Drugs use (mostly happen to individuals under 50 years of age)
  8. Obesity
  9. Alcohol consumption
  10. Less active

Stroke can also be hereditary so it is advisable to talk to your family if your parents or grandparents have history of stroke. Moreover, it is believed that men are at higher risk for stroke than women.

Other Natural Alternatives to Treat Strokes

Everyone can suffer from stroke at any point in their lives, especially if they don’t lead a healthy lifestyles. The consequences of stroke are way worth preventing. Here is a few home remedies on how to treat stroke at home. All of them are natural so you won’t need to worry about negative side effects.

  1. Try changing your diet. Pay attention to your cholesterol levels because high amount of it can cause blood clotting. Avoid food that’s rich in saturated fat, sodium and cholesterol. Better avoid diet soda if you can because it can increase stroke risk.
  2. Eat turmeric because compound curcumin in turmeric is able to reduce blood clotting formation. Curry dishes are rich of turmeric so eating those can actually educe stroke risk.
  3. Eat ginger because it is a cardiac tonic which can treat stroke, help poor circulation, decrease cholesterol levels and prevent excessive blood clotting. 2 tablespoon of ginger a day for a week can help neutralize blood clotting effects of 100 mg butter. You can mix it in your cooking or drink ginger tea.
  4. Carrots are another healthy alternative to prevent stroke. They are high in beta-carotene and other important carotenoids. Women suffer 68% fewer stroke risk when they eat 5 servings of carrots weekly.

Learning stroke treatment guidelines is vital for every individual for stroke is a killer that can stop everything and thus ending someone’s life.

Stroke blood pressure guidelines: Initial Management for Acute Stroke

Stroke blood pressure guidelines: Initial Management for Acute Stroke

Stroke blood pressure guidelines: Initial Management for Acute Stroke

One should always be wary if they have high blood pressure or it can lead to a lot of dangerous things like heart disease. Statistically speaking, about half the people with untreated high blood pressure die due to heart diseases associated with poor blood flow while the other third die because of stroke. The last one is the leading cause of acute long-term disability and death. If you or your loved ones are diagnosed with high blood pressure, learn these stroke blood pressure guidelines because most people who have suffered from a stroke for the first time also had hypertension.

Stroke Initial Treatment

There are initial stroke blood pressure guidelines to evaluate as well as assess to stabilize patients with stroke that is done within the span of 60 minutes upon patient’s arrival. Below are recommended stroke evaluation time benchmarks for potential thrombolyisis candidate for early management of patients.

  1. Time interval : door to doctor

Time target         : 10 min

  1. Time interval : Access to neurologic expertise

Time target         : 15 min

  1. Time interval : door to CT scan completion

Time target         : 25 min

  1. Time interval : door to CT interpretation

Time target         : 45 min

  1. Time interval : door to treatment

Time target         : 60 min

  1. Time interval : admission to stroke unit or ICU

Time target         : 3 h

Note that, thrombotic as well as embolic ischemic stroke can cause poor flow states. That’s why, aggressive attempts to lower blood pressure has the potential to decrease perfusion pressure as well as prolong ischemia. Furthermore, rapid reduction of blood pressure regardless of the degree of hypertension can be harmful. Studies show that blood pressure usually drops in the first 24 hours right after acute stroke takes place

Stroke blood pressure guidelines

The need to maintain adequate cerebral flow is really needed so severe hypertension should be treated in standard fashion with aggressive fluid resuscitation, a search for the etiology of hypertension and this one is only necessary, vasopressor support. Moreover, baseline systolic blood pressure under 100 mg Hg as well as diastolic blood pressure under 70 mm Hg highly relate to a worse outcome. General convention dictates that it is only necessary to lower blood pressure if systolic pressure is in excess of 220 mm Hg and if diastolic pressure is higher than 120 mm Hg.

Read More : Untreated Sinus Infection and the Possible Further Risks

Below is the blood pressure management guidelines for stroke patients.

  1. Candidate for fibrinolysis

Pretreatment:    SBP > 185 or

 DBP > 110 mm Hg

Post-treatment: DBP > 140 mm Hg

 SBP > 230 mm Hg or

 DBP 121 – 140 mm Hg

SBP 180 – 230 mm Hg or

DBP 105 – 120 mm Hg

  1. Non-candidates for fibrinolysis

DBP > 140 mm Hg

SBP > 220 or

DBP 121 – 140 mm Hg or

MAP > 130 mm Hg

SBP < 220 mm Hg or

DBP 105 – 120 mm Hg or

MAP < 130 mm Hg


MAP: mean arterial pressure

IVP: IV push

SBP: systolic blood pressure

DBP: diastolic blood pressure

The stroke blood pressure guidelines above are adapted from 2005 Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) guidelines as well as 2007 American Stroke Association Scientific Statement.

Tuberculosis Vaccine: Why is It Imperative?

Tuberculosis Vaccine: Why is It Imperative?

Tuberculosis Vaccine: Why is It Imperative?

Tuberculosis is a pretty serious infectious disease and can attack many parts of a human body, especially their lungs. It’s a common knowledge that tuberculosis vaccine is a must and is usually given at early age. Right now, the only tuberculosis (TB) vaccine available is the Bacille Calmette-Gurin BCG vaccine which is relatively cheap and safe. Giving BCG vaccine to children has proven to have positive results for it can give a really great protection against the disseminated forms of tuberculosis in children including TB meningitis.

How is Tuberculosis Spread?

The bacteria causing this are spread from one person to another through the air. Basically TB bacteria will travel in the air when a person with TB disease in the lungs coughs, speaks, sneezes or even sings. The bacteria will remain in the air for a few hours depending on the environment and anyone who breathes the air contaminated with these TB bacteria will most likely become infected. However, tuberculosis can’t be spread by sharing drink or food, shaking hands, touching toilet seats, sharing toothbrushes or kissing. But since air is invisible and one can’t never really tell whether the air has been contaminated with TB bacteria, it is always a good idea to prevent by getting tuberculosis vaccine.

tuberculosis vaccine

How Should One Use this Medicine?

BCG vaccine is usually given to children at early age but persons at high risk of developing TB disease may receive this too. Furthermore, BCG is also useful for treating bladder cancer and bladder tumor. It is advisable to ask your doctor or a pharmacist for information because this medicine can be prescribed for other uses as well.

When BCG is used to treat TB disease, it’s injected into the skin then the patient is told to keep the vaccination area dry for 24 hours and keep it clean until vaccination area in the skin looks like the other area of the skin. The vaccine is usually given only once but in some cases one may receive another vaccination should there be not a positive response within 2 or 3 months. Responses are measured by a tuberculosis skin test.

Read More : 5 types of infectious diseases, we can prevent with a cause

Things to Look for before Vaccination

Before you receive a BCG vaccine, you should:

  1. Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any kind of drugs or BCG vaccine
  2. Tell your doctor all prescription or nonprescription medication you’re taking such as antibiotics, steroids, cancer chemotherapy agents, vitamins or TB medications
  3. Tell your doctor if you have a positive TB test or recent smallpox vaccination
  4. Tell your doctor if you have cancer, immune disorder, infection, or fever
  5. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to get pregnant, or currently breastfeeding.

Side Effects

You might experience some side effect after getting BCG vaccine. If any of the following symptoms doesn’t go away for quite a long time, you should consult your doctor immediately.

  1. Fever
  2. Swollen lymph nodes
  3. Blood in the urine
  4. Vomiting
  5. Upset stomach
  6. Small red spots at the area of injection (they normally disappear within 6 months)
  7. Painful and frequent urination

Tuberculosis vaccineis a must for every individual. As the saying goes “better to prevent than to cure” fits with this very well

Cervicogenic Headache: Symptoms and Diagnosis

Cervicogenic Headache: Symptoms and Diagnosis

Cervicogenic headache is a secondary headache and is often called as referred pain (pain that is considered occurring in any part of the body other than its original source) perceived in the head but the source comes from the neck. A secondary headache here means that it is caused by another illness or any other physical problem. Cervicogenic headache is perceived as a type of disorder of cervical spine as well as its component bony, soft tissue or disc elements. Learn more about these headaches by knowing the symptoms and what you can do about it.

Early Symptoms

In most cases, cervicogenic headache have symptoms similar to that of migraine headache. Pain may emerge intermittently and then begin to spread to one side (unilateral) of one’s head and then the pain starts to become continuous. This type of headache occurs in the form of non-throbbing and steady pain at the back as well as base of the skull. In most cases, the pain might extend downward into the neck and then ending in the shoulder blades. You might also feel the pain the area of your brow and forehead despite the fact that the problem starts from the cervical spine.

Usually, you will start to feel the pain after a sudden neck movement like sneezing. Then neck or head pain will occur too. Cervicogenic headache usually shows these early symptoms:

  1. Nausea or vomiting
  2. Dizziness
  3. Stiff neck
  4. Blurred vision
  5. Sensitivity to light or sound
  6. Pain in one or both arms
  7. Mobility difficulties

Below are some of the risk factors that are sometimes involved in aggravate cervicogenic headache.

  1. Fatigue
  2. Poor posture
  3. Sleep difficulties
  4. Cervical disc issues
  5. Muscular stress
  6. Prior or current neck injuries

Read More : 5 Treatments For Cervicogenic Headache That You Need To Know

Cervicogenic Headache Diagnosis

The diagnosis of this illness begins with a detailed medical history along with a physical as well as neurological examination. Some of the tests include:

  1. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  2. X-rays
  3. CT scans
  4. Nerve block injections to verify the cause

Then, when you have been positively diagnosed with cervicogenic headache, your doctor usually recommend an over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines such as aspirin and aleve. If those prove to be defective then you will be prescribed with anti-inflammation and pain reliever drugs. Below are some of effective other treatment options listed in order of non-invasive to invasive ones.

  1. Spinal manipulation and other manual therapies
  2. Behavioral approaches such as biofeedback
  3. Acupuncture
  4. Trigger point injections
  5. Prolotherapy
  6. Facet joint blocks (it is a type of spinal joint injection)
  7. Nerve blocks (one of the medical branches of the nerves which supplies the facet joints)
  8. Radiofrequency pulse ganglionotomy of the nerve root like C2 and C3
  9. Spine surgery in order to relieve vascular or nerve compression

The last one, however, is rarely necessary.

For your information, the term cervicogenic headache doesn’t only relate to headache associated with neck pain because many headache disorders such as tension-type headache and migraine also can have associated neck tension.

Remember that if you have cervicogenic headache, treatment for this illness should target the source of the pain in the neck.

Untreated Sinus Infection and the Possible Further Risks

Untreated Sinus Infection and the Possible Further Risks

Untreated Sinus Infection and the Possible Further Risks

Untreated sinus infection can lead to a bigger and more serious issue. Sinusitis infection, or also known as sinusitis, can be ranging in severity – from mild to severe. In mild cases, you can use natural remedies or over the counter medicines. Feel free to use decongestants, nasal irrigation, and steam inhalation to treat the issue. However, if the sinusitis happens for weeks, or even months, you need to be careful, especially if you don’t treat it carefully. Sinus inflammation is possible and you may have to deal with surgery.

The Facts about Sinusitis

In most cases, sinusitis will resolve itself within one week, two weeks tops. However, there are rare cases where the untreated sinus infection may cause bigger issue. Complications are common, and knowing the symptoms can help so you can keep the issue at bay.

You see, the sinus wall (which is located within the nose) is quite thin and it is at the border with the surrounding tissues of the brain, eyes, blood vessels, and also nerves. When the infection of sinusitis happens, causing severe issue, those areas can be affected. That’s why, it is advisable that you treat the issue right away, including go to the doctor and get the suitable treatment. Never leave any sinusitis to get worse because untreated sinus infection can lead to severe and serious issues.

Untreated Sinus Infections

Read More :  Can Allergies Cause Fever: Find the Answer Here

The Possible Complications

As it was mentioned before, any case of untreated sinus infection will lead to severe issue, and that includes:

  • Eye Infection. When the sinus infection gets worse, it will spread through the nervous system or blood vessel. When it has spread to the eyes, your eyes may be swollen shut or puffy because the tissue around the eyes are swollen. It is possible that the swelling happens behind your eyes so your eyes will be pushes forward. If this happens, your eyelids won’t be able to close. When the pressure is too strong, it may cause eye damage – which is permanent. Be aware if you start losing your sight.
  • Brain infection. Meningitis, brain damage, seizure, or death are possible in this case. Meningitis bacteria and brain abscess may happen, resulting in stroke, hearing loss, brain damage, and also death. Signs of meningitis include nausea, fever, stiff neck, and headache. If you suffer from them and you start losing function of a certain body part, go to the doctor right away.
  • Bone infection. Also known as osteomyelitis, this issue can be caused by chronic as well as acute sinus infection. Never underestimate this issue because bone infection is pretty hard to cure. One of the most common treatment is intravenous antibiotics for long term.
  • This issue will change your nose’s normal function. You will need surgical drainage to treat the issue.

Treatments and Care

Whatever your case and status (whether it is mild or severe), it is always a good idea to see the doctor and get the right treatment. It will prevent the issue from getting worse and you won’t have to worry about the aftermath of untreated sinus infection.

Stage 4 Cervical Cancer Treatment Options and Surgeries

Stage 4 Cervical Cancer Treatment Options and Surgeries

Stage 4 Cervical Cancer Treatment Options and Surgeries

We will never know the best treatment options when we can’t track the stage 4 cervical cancer from the stage 0. So, we really need to know the stage of the cervical cancer before choosing the treatment options. There are many factors that influence or affect the treatment of cervical cancer such as the location of the cancer, the type, the patient’s age and her overall condition. One last thing is whether or not she has given birth. In this article, we will give the best treatment of cervical cancer especially for those who have stage 4.

There are two types of stage 4 cervical cancers by the way. They are stage 4A and 4B. Let’s check them all one by one below.

Stage 4 Cervical Cancer

Stage 4A

This treatment option also works for stage 2B, 3, and 4A. The best way is by doing Chemoradiation. For the chemo can be cisplatin or cisplatin plus fluorouracil. Meanwhile, the radiation treatment can be external beam radiation and brachytherapy. It can also be both of them. It depends on the condition of the patient.

Stage 4B

Now, we are on the second type of stage 4 cervical cancer treatment option. It is called stage 4B when the cancer has been affecting the pelvis and other body parts. Unfortunately, this stage is not able to be cured usually. The doctors who handle this condition must stop the growth of the cancer firstly. It is by using chemo or radiation therapy. They also focus to reduce the symptoms. For your information, the standard chemo procedure of the stage 4B is to combine the platinum drug (cisplatin or carboplatin) and one of these drugs like gemcitabine, paclitaxel, or topotecan. The combinations of the drugs are necessary in order to help the patients. The Avastin or bevacizumab will be combined with chemo.

Read More : The Most Harmful Effects of Cervical Cancer & Treatment

 The stage 4 cervical cancer also needs some surgeries for the patients in order to eradicate the cancer. Most women must undergo these cervical cancer surgeries such as cryosurgery, conization, Simple (total) hysterectomy, radical hysterectomy, laser surgery, trachelectomy, and pelvic exenteration.  Here are some benefits of using surgeries or operations as follow:

  • To diagnose the location of the cervical cancer
  • To consider the possible treatment options
  • To know the spread of the cancer

Let’s check the types of the surgery one by one below.

Cryosurgery and Laser Surgery

This surgery uses a cold metal probe. The doctor will kill the abnormal cells by placing the probe to where the cancer is located. It will freeze the cells. This operation can be done in clinic. Meanwhile, the laser surgery is used to launch laser beam to the vagina directly. Then, the abnormal cells will be burnt off. This surgery is also functioned to remove a small tissue so that the doctor can diagnose it.


This stage 4 cervical cancer surgery requires a surgical or laser knife. Then, the doctor will remove a cone-shape piece of tissue from the cervix. Then, the doctor can examine through microscope.


This type of cancer surgery owns two types, simple and radical hysterectomy. The simple one only remove the uterus, not the parametria and uterosacral ligaments, while the radical type removes the uterus and the tissue.

Video Created By : Juan Manuel Marín

Coronary Artery Dissection: Things That You Must Know

Coronary Artery Dissection: Things That You Must Know

The spontaneous coronary artery dissection becomes a great deal for modern people these days. It is usually called SCAD. This is a health problem that attacks everyone, man and woman. It is also difficult for researchers to find what causes SCAD. It is a kind of heart attack. We are commonly advised to eat healthy foods and workout regularly to reduce or stop the heart attack. Unfortunately, this advice will always work for SCAD. It can attack young and healthy people as well. In this article, we would like to show everything you must know about this health issue.

What It Is

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD) happens when the blood trapped between the layers of the artery wall. It leads a bulging condition in the artery so that the blood flow will be blocked. When you are in this condition, your blood won’t be able to reach the muscle of heart. As a result, you may get a heart attack soon. Although many researchers can’t explain the causes of SCAD, it doesn’t mean there is nothing to do with this disease. We have collected the important things for you in order to know better about SCAD.

The Most Victims are Women

If you are women, you must be aware about spontaneous coronary artery dissection. This comes spontaneous, meaning that we can’t predict when it will happen and what can trigger it to be happened. According to a study, the eight percent patients of SCAD are women. The average age of the patients is early 40 years-old. Typically, the patients are young who have active lives and healthy conditions. The results also showed that thirty percent of the women have just given birth. In other words, women who have given birth have greater risk to get SCAD.

Coronary Artery Dissection

Read More : 9 herbal remedy for coronary heart disease

It is like a Heart Attack

Most people including doctors recognize spontaneous coronary artery dissection as a heart attack. In fact, SCAD is only a symptom of heart attack. In other words, SCAD may cause heart attacks to the sufferers, and the most targets are women who have age under fifty years old. What makes it worse than a normal heart attack is that there is no sign or warning even for the sufferers who are young and healthy.

Know the Symptoms

Basically, the SCAD doesn’t have any sign or symptoms. But, some studies have shown that the sufferers had some symptoms of heart attack too. In other words, the symptoms are similar with a heart attack. Each patient may have different symptoms by the way. Let’s check them one by one.

  • Feeling pain in the chest
  • Breathing shortly
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Excessive sweating
  • Pain in the left arm and upper back
  • Vomiting gray skin tone.

Be Aware for the recurrence

The spontaneous coronary artery dissection may come more than twice for the survivors. They may experience SCAD if they do nothing for the first attack. Thus, it is important for the doctors who have been handling the patients of SCAD. They have to ensure the heart attack is caused by SCAD or not.

/* */